Chances of suffering this summer are a Beach Boy Strong two weeks in Peru rose 16 percentage points: from 33% to 49%. The probability of a moderate intensity event is 47% and, for the first time, the Multidisciplinary Commission responsible for the National Study of the “El Niño” phenomenon (ENFEN) includes the probability of experiencing an unusual coastal El Niño. Just before the onset of the monsoon season in the country, the chances of facing a debilitating event are almost nil, while authorities responsible for risk reduction and mitigation work are progressing at a slow pace.
read more: Cenepred: “Of the 121,000 rain warning emails sent, only 10% were read by the authorities”
Trade It reviewed the implementation of funds for interventions in the event of natural disasters (Fondes), which this year provided regional and local governments with more than 3 billion footers. According to the Economic Transparency Portal of the Ministry of Economy and Finance (MEF), till date, none have fulfilled even half. The national government, for its part, has allocated more than 6 billion soles, which stands at 68.9%, lower than the 80% expected in the tenth month of the year.
As for regional governments, only 34.3% and local governments (municipalities and provinces) are implemented as of October 28 at 44.2%.
Lima’s regional government is one of the least developed: just 19.8% of the 23 million soles. Rosa Vázquez Cuadrado, the regional governor, acknowledged the poor execution but said there had been delays in developing technical specifications. “The processes have started and we hope to give good news before November 15. Files delayed us. We inherited a management that had plans, but only in ideas. These ideas should be converted into profiles and then technical files. Our projection is to reach 92 to 93% of all budgets, including fondus, by the end of this year.“, said.
In a conversation with this newspaper, he explained that the projects include interventions in 12 educational institutions and departmental roads. “We are procuring 37 heavy machinery to repair, clean and maintain departmental roads. Cleaning of rivers and streams is the responsibility of ANA (National Water Authority). Anyway, we’re going to touch on 103 key points starting this week. The settlement won’t last more than a month, so we’ll be back in December” he added.
In Beura region, which is most affected by monsoons, the regional government has allocated 287 million soles, but the progress is 34.5%. Works such as “Improvement and expansion of the Piura and Castilla flood protection service between the Cáceres bridge and the future integration bridge on the right bank” account for 2.9%. This newspaper tried to contact representatives of the regional government, but till the time of finishing this note we did not receive any replies.
César Orrego, head of the Ombudsman’s office in Piura, warns that the limited use of resources for mitigation against El Niño involves all levels of government. The region alone has a budget of 608 million soles for 340 interventions in the hands of the national government (especially the ANA and the Commission for Reconstruction with Transitions (ARCC), regional, provincial and municipal).The development that worries us the most is the ANA which was 30% two months before the extreme rains.“, says. Orrego urges officials to use budget resources transparently. “The problem is that it’s very difficult to find information because funding comes from various Supreme Orders, emergencies, or appropriations regulations. It should be seen with sufficient clarity“, dice.
Orrego’s caveat has to do with the fact that Fondes is not the only source of anti-catastrophic works. The Institutional Budget contains Budget Plan 068 for “Vulnerability Reduction and Disaster Emergency Response”. Progression, although slightly greater than the fundus, is not optimal. National government 51.9%, regional governments 56.3% and local governments 52.4%.
Luis Miguel Castilla, the former Minister of Economy and Finance, explains that the 4 billion foot was also allocated as part of the “Con Punch Peru” program to respond to the emergency after the passage of the typhoon Yaku. Of this money, executions account for at least 24.1% (national), 40.4% (regional) and 20.4% (local). “Usually, implementation is delayed with administrative issues. When there is public investment work, the quality of the technical files to be redone is low.”, Indica.
|Government position||Foundry||Program 068||Emergency Expense -FEN|
|National Government||68.9%||51.9 %||24.1%|
|Regional governments||34.3%||56.3 %||40.4%|
|Local governments||44.2%||52.4 %||20.4%|
|Total on the sole||9540′741.731||3 924′193.056||4 027′753.024|
Implementation of funds for interventions in case of natural disasters (Fondes).
Implementation of Budget Plan 068 for “Vulnerability Reduction and Disaster Emergency Response”.
Execution of Emergency Expenditures – El Nino Event (FEN).