Technology for everyone

Technology for everyone

By Dr. A.S. Fernando Soto Moreno/ Maria del Carmen Gonzalez Mejia

The elections we participate in have created interest and concern with institutional actors, political parties and citizens that technology is fundamental to managing, organizing, managing and implementing the electoral process, thus making the competition successful. More perfect.

Election systems use electronic equipment, specialized software, word processors, spreadsheets, database systems and geographic information data to carry out efficient administrative operations.

The role of innovation lies in highlighting strengths and weaknesses with the introduction of new developments offered in the market in the face of disruptive erosion of knowledge due to the pace of technological change. Therefore, at the time of writing about this topic, there are many voting systems in use that automatically record and/or examine the votes cast. Other systems check the voter’s eligibility and credibility.

In this operation, which took place on June 2, according to the National Electoral Institute (INE), a thousand electronic polling stations were installed, in Mexico City and several municipalities of Nuevo León such as Monterrey, Apodaca, San Pedro Garza García, San Nicolás de las Garza and General Escobedo.

Internet voting is a way to facilitate and increase voter participation. All of these efforts seek to ensure credibility in democratic processes and certainty about election results, and while there are doubts about why errors exist, they depart from that veracity.

The electronic ballot boxes for the June 2 election process are Model 7.0, developed by INE, with an 11.6-inch touchscreen, thermal printing, lithium polymer batteries and backup; It weighs seven kilograms. It is accessed by a code card which ensures that only authorized persons can vote.

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The voter interacts with the electronic ballot box through a touch screen, which has an intuitive interface, designed to facilitate navigation and selection of options, not all voters need to be tech savvy to vote effortlessly. .

The electronic ballot box guarantees the integrity and confidentiality of the vote and records the vote in a secure and encrypted manner, testifying that the vote has been correctly counted. Please vote before confirming it.

Borders do not limit technology and provide an opportunity for electoral processes, mainly in terms of electoral logistics, if there are no locks in the electoral process if appropriate technology is not chosen or out of date, there is a risk of electoral fraud in the role, especially when it compromises the transparency and stability of the voting process.

Technology is used in education, training, voter registration, research, support and coordination and information of polling stations in various electoral districts to shape electoral geography and make administration more efficient by reducing costs of organizational resources. The timing and format of the process in the official publication of results ensures the margin and structure of political transparency.

The level of sophistication of technology used for election management varies considerably around the world. As the rate of technological innovation is so high, electoral systems must constantly evaluate their use to decide whether it is convenient to adopt something new or to update the existing one to improve its effectiveness.

Federal election process from 1999-2000 -2019-2020, combining computer systems and communication network systems called Red INE, control information generated in concentrated bodies and others, integrated into the technological innovation process. Conductors of elections to provide transparency.

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The System of Institutional Intelligence (SII) empowers the company to store information before the Casilla board of directors on election results, planned advertising activities and expenditures of political parties, as well as the composition of representatives of political parties.

This innovative institution provides basic support for participation in the activities of electoral processes, the use of technology and innovation are two elements that are part of the DNA of the INE, because its use is progressive in that sense, the model institution recognizes the planning information and communication technologies (ICT) of the INE as the basis.

We cannot think about organizing elections and the political stability of the country, without INE innovating and introducing many technical training mechanisms to carry out its tasks, the stages of government innovation are irreversible. Ride the wave of innovation, create crisis and then create chaos and make the Mexican government an obsolete entity to attend to in the future.

The use of electronic ballot boxes favors the development of new information and communication technologies, increases efficiency in voting, reduces electoral paperwork with the aim of ensuring timely results of the day and leads to a familiarization process. and building citizen confidence in using these technologies.

A basic argument is that the use of electronic ballot boxes will allow for the optimization of timing at various stages of the election day; These implement all necessary safeguards to guarantee reliability in immediate and rapid transmission of information, exchange and timely publication of results.

The implementation of electronic ballot boxes has been subject to criticism and concerns. According to the Digital Rights Protection Network, it found weaknesses in the systems, including the use of unlicensed software and hardware at the end of its useful life cycle. It is imperative to establish legislative commitment so that not only the financial, economic and human resources needed to promote technological and scientific development of the country but also serve the well-being of the citizens.
The changes recorded by the use of the Internet and social networks, along with new communication dynamics, bring a new set of challenges to be faced by the society as a whole, such as privacy protection, security in networks, diversity, informants, and the powers that be. When faced with such phenomena as exchange of views, misinformation and manipulation of trends affecting democratic life.

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Dear reader, after the events of last Sunday, June 2, 2024, although this system is reported here, many doubts and questions arise as to how the technology failed. Authorities say the system in Mexico City was hacked or saturated or the errors were human.

Do you think that in the days to come, actors’ challenges will be legal objections and a return to archaic “voting, box to box” or will it be an opportunity to reduce human errors by fully implementing electronic ballot boxes?


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