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More than 140 leaders are expected to participate this week UNThere in the presence of the President Ukraine It will emerge as a fragmented world fighting an unprecedented avalanche of crises. “We are meeting at a time when humanity faces the greatest challenges, from the worsening of the climate emergency to the escalation of conflicts through the global inflationary crisis, rising inequalities and severe technological disruptions.”, recalled the UN Secretary General. Antonio GutierrezBefore this year’s event.

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“People expect a solution from their leaders to recover from this disaster” He recalled, when He again lamented the “fragments” of the world that “reduce our ability to respond” to these crises.

A geopolitical fragmentation closely related to the Russian invasion of Ukraine a year and a half ago.

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This is GeraWith its many ramifications, especially for global food security, this will be a very intense week of diplomacy. Development is an official priority.

For the first time, Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelenskyy takes the podium Generaland plans to participate on Wednesday Security Council High level dedicated to this battle.

Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky speaks as he visits wounded Ukrainian soldiers at Staten Island University Hospital on September 18, 2023 in New York City. (Photo by Angela Weiss/AFP).

/ Angela Weiss

But “you have to be careful,” warns Richard Cowen, an analyst at the International Crisis Group.

“If you take a hard line,” repeated your calls for your allies to supply you with more weapons, “you risk turning this opportunity into a diplomatic crisis.” Created “friction” with developing countries.

“The gap between developing and developed countries is widening,” warns a European diplomat.

“We need to make sure that this gap doesn’t grow any further,” while recognizing that war exists Ukraine “It steals political and economic attention from pressing global problems like food security, climate disasters, inequality or access to finance.”

Poverty and climate

In this context, Guterres will again try to convince Russia to return to the agreement to export Ukrainian grain through the Black Sea. Critical to global food security.

The him And Western diplomats are also stressing the importance of Monday’s summit on fundamental development for the countries of the South, which will feature dozens of leaders, including the presidents of South Africa and Brazil.

Governments must commit to “acting urgently” to meet the 17 Sustainable Development Goals by 2030.

These objectives “at risk” aim to improve more than 8,000 million people while protecting the planet: eradicating extreme poverty and hunger, health, drinking water, education, energy or the fight against climate change.

On Wednesday, Guterres will meet with leaders of countries he considers top of the class in terms of climate ambition. Although names are not provided.

In addition UkraineOther international geopolitical issues will be discussed IranIn the presence of President Ebrahim Raisi, or HaitiThe Security Council is considering sending an international force to help police warring gangs.

However, four of the five permanent members are presidents Security Council — France, the United Kingdom, Russia and China — will be absent, which some diplomats see as a bad sign.

Only the President of the United States Joe BidenThe fifth permanent member of this forum, the leaders, will attend the meeting Chile, Brazil, Costa Rica, Peru or Colombia. On the other hand, the one from Venezuela is not expected and the one from Cuba is not yet confirmed.

Asked about this absence, Guterres felt that “the commitment of their governments is key.” “It wasn’t a vanity fair,” he recalls.

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