Israel | What is Hamas? Who are the leaders of Hamas, where are they, and why is war with Israel again in Gaza? | Palestine | Benjamin Netanyahu | the world

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Israel |  What is Hamas?  Who are the leaders of Hamas, where are they, and why is war with Israel again in Gaza?  |  Palestine |  Benjamin Netanyahu |  the world

Hamas It has been the worst massacre of civilians on Israeli soil. At least 1,200 people were killed following Saturday’s incursion from Gaza by the Palestinian Islamic Movement. But behind every action there are leaders, planners and implementers. In this note, we will tell you who commands this organization, which is classified as a terrorist organization by the US and the EU.

What is Hamas?

The name Hamas meaning Anti-Islamic Movement And its origins date back to the early days Intifada 1987 Palestinians protest against Israeli occupation West Bank And this Gaza Strip.

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Its founder was Sheikh Ahmed Yassin. Nearly blind, he had been confined to a wheelchair since age 12 when he hit his spine in soccer. Gaza Strip. Israel assassinated him with a missile on March 22, 2004 as he was leaving a prayer session.

Ahmad Yassin is a spiritual leader and founder of Hamas.

Hamas emerged in the Palestinian territories, taking inspiration from Egypt’s Muslim Brotherhood. Hamas’s goal is to create an Islamic fundamentalist Palestinian state.

Hamas has vowed to destroy Israel. It has carried out numerous suicide bombings and other deadly attacks against Israeli civilians and soldiers. It also has allies that want to destroy Israel, like Iran.

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“This armed political party of Palestinians has become Iran’s foreign army to fight Israel. Iran’s goal is to destroy Israel. So they are doing everything they can to destroy Israel, to undermine Israel from within, from without, from the side. “The Palestinian people living in terrible conditions on the fringes of Israel…Iran sees Hamas as a convenient ally for Iran,” he said. Roger Pardo-Maurer, former US Under Secretary of Defense.

America considers

Hamas has between 20,000 and 25,000 fighters. The Islamist group maintains 40,000

Hamas controls the Gaza Strip. The organization won the 2006 parliamentary elections and violently seized control of the territory the following year, displacing the internationally recognized Palestinian Authority.

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Movement It has branches dedicated to religious, military, political and defense activities.

to the military force Hamas It is known Kassam Brigade.

Hamas It receives financial support from diaspora Palestinians, private donors in the Middle East, Muslim charities in the West and Iran.

A member of the Ezzedine al-Qassam Brigades, the military wing of the Palestinian Hamas movement, takes part in a parade in Gaza City on November 14, 2021. (Photo by MAHMUD HAMS / AFP).

Who are the leaders of Hamas and where are they?

Over the years, Israel has assassinated leaders Hamas.

After the assassination of Sheikh In March 2004, Ahmed Yassin succeeded Abdel Aziz Ar-Randisi, the co-founder of Hamas, as supreme leader.. But a month later he was assassinated by Israel.

Then took the lead Khaled MashalAn exiled member Hamas A survivor of an Israeli assassination attempt.

Khaled Mashaal in a picture from 2011 in Syria. (LOUAI BESHARA / AFP).

Additionally, there are two leaders: Yahya Shinwa, is in Gaza; This is Ismail HaniyehA migrant.

Yahya Shinwar, head of the political wing of the Palestinian Hamas movement in the Gaza Strip, attends a demonstration on October 1, 2022. (Photo: Mahmoud Hames / AFP).
Hamas leader Ismail Haniyeh holds a press conference during a visit to Dar al-Fatwa, Lebanon’s main Sunni religious authority, in Beirut on June 22, 2022. (Photo by Anwar Amro / AFP).

According to Andhra Agency, the leadership Hamas has been strengthened with allies like Iran Y Hezbollah In Lebanon. This alliance allows many of the group’s commanders to operate from Beirut.

An undated photo shows Mohammed Taif, the Palestinian military leader of the radical Hamas movement. (Photo by HO/AFP).

Who planned the attack on Israel?

According to the Reuters agency, the Palestinian militant is the one who planned the infiltration and massacre in Israel from the shadows. Mohammed TaifOne of the most wanted men in Israel.

Planning lasted two years. be deaf The It has been planned since May 2021, when Israeli forces invaded Al Aqsa Mosque in Jerusalem, Islam’s third holiest site, angered the Arab and Muslim world. He wanted revenge.

At that time Daif began planning the operation It has resulted in the deaths of 1,200 people in Israel, according to a close source Hamas.

Reuters pointed out that Taif survived seven assassination attempts by Israel. 2021 at the latest. He rarely speaks and does not appear in public.

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The methods used by Hamas to attack Israel. (AFP).

But the TV channel on Saturday when the terrorist activity started Hamas broadcast an audio message from Taif.

“Rage today Al Aqsa, the rage of our people and our nation explodes. “Today is your day to make our Mujahideen (fighters) understand that this criminal’s time is over.” said be deaf In the record.

Reuters reported Daif’s whereabouts are unknown. Although it is often seen GazaA labyrinth of mines beneath the enclave.

Palestinian sources said an Israeli airstrike hit a house Gaza belongs to the father be deaf. According to sources, Teip’s brother and two other family members were killed.

A nearby source Hamas The told Reuters The decision was taken to prepare the attack jointly by Taif, who heads Hamas’ Al Qassam Brigades; With Yehya Shinwar, head of Hamas in GazaBut it was clear that the architect came first.

“There are two brains, but one master mind.” The source said that only a few leaders were aware of the move Hamas.

Is this an act of revenge against Al Aqsa or is there something else behind the attack?

As the AP explains, in recent years Israel Establishing peace agreements with Arab countries that had previously been a condition for first resolving the Palestinian issue.

These Abrahamic covenants did not oblige Israel to make the concessions demanded by the Palestinians.

Also, Israel was very close to reaching a similar deal with Saudi Arabia, under US mediation. Now it looks like this process will go all the way to the freezer.

Additionally, the AP notes, Israel’s new far-right government led by Benjamin Netanyahu is working to consolidate Israeli settlements in the West Bank despite Palestinian opposition.

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Hamas leaders have publicly stated that their attacks are linked to Israeli repression in the West Bank, continued settlement construction, demands for the release of thousands of Palestinian prisoners in Israeli prisons, and the blockade of Gaza.

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