Our galaxy has an object of such massive mass at its center that it is capable of bending this mathematical model.
Our solar system is located within a galaxy known as the Milky Way, where other star systems are interspersed with cosmic celestial objects. At the center of the galaxy is a supermassive black hole, as we now know it Curved space-time of one A very special way.
The curvature of spacetime in the Milky Way
Thanks to someone Chandra X-ray Observatory ReleaseIt is called the supermassive black hole at the center of our galaxy Sagittarius A*, it rotates at the speed it is capable of It affects space-time to bend it with the form a Rugby ball.
A recent The study was published in the Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society got Measure the speed with him A black hole rotatesThanks for an app New method It uses data from X-rays and radio sources.
Colossal #black hole Our Milky Way is spinning so fast near the center of the galaxy that it warps the surrounding space-time into an American shape. #Football! Usher at Halftime with Science: https://t.co/T0iEMSmlIK #SuperBowlLVIII pic.twitter.com/P3APk0c8W8
— Chandra Observatory (@chandraxray) February 11, 2024
Los Black holesTo put you in context, they are defined by two variables Important: The Time And his Turning speed. Knowing them means studying the properties of each black hole and how it affects the material around it.
In this case, it is proven Sagittarius A*, which is located 26,000 light years from Earth. Tour with the angular velocity falling inward 60% of its maximum capacity, is limited by the speed of light, which cannot be exceeded. Thanks to this discovery, the scientists involved in the research are promising If we look at the black hole from the sideThe Meaning He will be around him Rugby balloon shape. The higher the speed, the flatter the ball will be.
our #SuperBowl Is in space! 🏈
A new study by @ChandraXray The supermassive black hole at the center of our galaxy, Sagittarius A*, has been found to be spinning so fast that it's warping the space-time around it into the shape of a football.
— NASA Marshall (@NASA_Marshall) February 11, 2024
Some though Black holes emit energy In the process of gobbling up material, Sagittarius A* does not have much material around it from dying stars and gas. Powerful jets would have been very weakly Over the past thousand years.
Megan Donahuefrom the University of Michigan, says one of the study's co-authors Jets The rotating core of the galaxy is pushed and collided with the black hole They can affect Deeply the Gas supply For an entire galaxy, it affects how quickly and even Stars can form.